CNES Balloons capabilities

  ZPB

(Zero

Pressure

Balloon)

SPB

(Super

pressure

balloon)

SB

(Sounding balloon)

BLPB

(Boundary

layer

pressurized

balloon)

AEC

(Aeroclipper)

Picture

 

 

 

Scientific

domains

Chemistry/

dynamics of the

atmosphere

Astronomy

Technology

Chemistry/

dynamics of the

atmosphere

 

Vertical profiles/

light instruments

validation

Exploration of

meteorological

phenomena in

the earth

boundary layer

Exploration of

meteorological

phenomena in the

sea-atmosphere

boundary layer

Balloon

types

Open, non pressurized balloon Super pressure balloon Expandable balloon Super

pressure

balloon

Super

pressure

semi tethered

airship

Envelope

Materials

15-25 µm

polyethylene

Polyester/

Polyamide

Multilayer

Latex/

Chloroprene

Polyester/

Polyamide

Multilayer

SN503 fabric and

Polyester/

Polyamide/

Polyester

complex

Gas He He He He/Air He
Diameter max: 148 m 5 types: 8,5, 10, 11, 12, 13 m At ground: 2 m   Cieling: 10 m 2,5 m/2,6 m 4 meters high

10 m long

Volume 3000 to 1 200 000 m3 320 – 1150 m3

Ground: 8 m3 max

Ceiling: 500 m3

8-9 m3 39 m3
Flight

duration

From some hours

to 5 days

3 months 2-3 hours Some weeks Some weeks
Mass at

hook

50–1750 kg 50 kg 3 kg 3 kg A few kg
Flight

altitude

15 to 40 km 18-21 km Up to 40 km 500 to 3000 m Airship at 50 m

 

CNES available gondolas

  • BANA: 2 m x 0.8 m x 1 m
  • HELIOS: 2.06 m x 1.43 m x 1.44 m
  • CARMENCITA: 2.45 m x 1.85 m x 2.20 m
  • CARMEN: 2.45 m x 1.85 mx 3 m

Onboard Services:

  • Power supply for Carmencita and Carmen.
  • Elevation and azimuth pointing if requested, for  Carmencita and Carmen.
  • TMTC for all gondolas.
  • Instrument mass: up to 550 kg for CARMEN.
  • Pointing accuracy: 1 arcsec (with stellar sensor).